Águas Lindas de Goiás is a municipality located in central Goiás, Brazil. It is the fifth largest city in the state and one of the fastest growing cities in Brazil.
The city has no major industries but has a variety of small commercial enterprises ranging from small offices, bars, grocery stores and larger supermarkets. Small industries manufacture furniture, sewage pipes, bicycles, sweets and toys. The informal economy is very strong and many people have stalls in fairs either in the city or in neighboring cities.
Industrial establishments: 62
Commercial retail establishments: 686
Financial institutions: Banco Itaú SA (2), Banco do Brasil S.A., Caixa Econômica Federal
Due to the small territory and the urban characteristics there were no agricultural products registered with the IBGE.
The existence of Águas Lindas is recent, being dismembered in 1997 from the municipality of Santo Antônio do Descoberto. In 1996 the population of what was just a district was already 61,478. By 2000 it had increased to 105,000.
Its only reason for existence is Brasília and the need for lower class and lower middle class residents of that city or migrants from rural areas to find affordable housing. The infrastructures are precarious as evidenced by the existence of only one hospital for a city of over 100,000 people, only four bank branches, and only one post office. The per capita income is low and most of the inhabitants take buses every day to work in Brasília.
Goiás (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɡojˈjas]) is a state of Brazil, located in the Center-West region of the country. The name Goiás (formerly, Goyaz) comes from the name of an indigenous community. The original word seems to have been guaiá, a compound of gua e iá, meaning "the same person" or "people of the same origin." It borders the Federal District and the states of (from north clockwise) Tocantins, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso.
The most populous state of its region, Goiás is characterized by a landscape of chapadões (plateaus). In the height of the drought season, from June to September, the lack of rain makes the level of the Araguaia River go down and exposes almost 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) of beaches, making it the main attraction of the State. At the Emas National Park in the municipality of Mineiros, it is possible to observe the typical fauna and flora from the region. At the Chapada dos Veadeiros the attractions are the canyons, valleys, rapids and waterfalls. Other attractions are the historical city of Goiás (or Old Goiás), 132 km (82 mi) from Goiânia, established in the beginning of 18th Century, and Caldas Novas, with its hot water wells attracting more than one million tourists per year. In Brazil's geoeconomic division, Goiás belongs to the Centro-Sul (Center-South), being the northernmost state of the southern portion of Brazil.
According to the IBGE of 2010, there were 6,004,045 people residing in the state. The population density was 16.9 inh./km².
Urbanization: 88.6% (2006); Population growth: 2.5% (1991–2000); Houses: 1,749,000 (2006).
The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following numbers: 2,076,000 Pardo (Multiracial) people (49.41%), 3,433,000 White people (51.45%), 329,000 Black people (5.60%), 16,000 Asian people (0.26%), 15,000 Amerindian people (0.25%).
Ethnic groups found in Goiás include: Italians, Amerindians, Portuguese, Africans, Germans, Arabs, Lebanese and Syrian.
According to an autosomal DNA study from 2008, the ancestral composition of Goiás is 83.70% European, 13.30% African and 3.0% Native American.